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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms and alcohol use disorder

Friday, September 18, 2015 — Poster Session V

2:00 p.m. – 3:30 p.m.
FAES Terrace
NIAAA
NEURO-1

Authors

  • SA Aston
  • MO Bukhari
  • C Frable
  • ML Schwandt
  • MR Lee
  • LA Farinelli
  • L Leggio

Abstract

Previous research indicates that early onset of alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUD) is associated with prolonged duration of the disorder and a decreased likelihood of seeking treatment. ASUD commonly co-occurs with psychiatric disorders, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In particular, ADHD frequently co-occurs with early-onset ASUD. One hypothesis suggests that individuals with ADHD turn to alcohol and/or substance misuse as a way to self-medicate the symptoms related to ADHD. For example, individuals with ADHD may seek relief from symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity by consuming excessive amounts of alcohol. In order to investigate the potential link between ADHD and alcohol use, we extracted data from two screening protocols conducted at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, analyzing the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Conner’s Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS). Analyses are currently ongoing and results will be forthcoming by the end of August. We hypothesize a positive relationship between AUDIT score and ADHD symptoms. Additionally, we will explore tobacco use in this population as a potential mediator of the relationship between alcohol use and ADHD symptoms.

Category: Neuroscience