NIH Research Festival
ApoB-100 is a member of a large lipid transfer protein superfamily and is one of the main apolipoproteins found on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles. Despite its clinical significance for the development of cardiovascular disease, there is limited information on apoB-100 structure. We have developed a novel method based on the ‚Äúdivide and conquer‚Äù algorithm, using PSIPRED software, by dividing apoB-100 into five subunits and 11 domains. Models of each domain were prepared using I-TASSER, DEMO, RoseTTAFold, Phyre2, and MODELLER. Subsequently, we used disuccinimidyl sulfoxide (DSSO), a new mass spectrometry cleavable cross-linker, and the known position of disulfide bonds to experimentally validate each model. We obtained 65 unique DSSO cross-links, of which 87.5% were within a 26 √Ö threshold in the final model. We also evaluated the positions of cysteine residues involved in the eight known disulfide bonds in apoB-100, and each pair was measured within the expected 5.6 √Ö constraint. Finally, multiple domains were combined by applying constraints based on detected long-range DSSO cross-links to generate five subunits, which were subsequently merged to achieve an uninterrupted architecture for apoB-100 around a lipoprotein particle. Moreover, the dynamics of apoB-100 during particle size transitions was examined by comparing VLDL and LDL computational models and using experimental cross-linking data. In addition, the proposed model of receptor-ligand binding of apoB-100 provides new insights into some of its functions.
Scientific Focus Area: Computational Biology
This page was last updated on Monday, September 25, 2023